In any machine with moving parts that rely on balance to keep factors like kinetic energy, centrifugal or centripetal force, pressure, heat, and friction in acceptable ranges, engineering projections, simulation, and good math are critical. Many components of an industrial setting have to count on the maintained balance of each piece of equipment. From the simplest rotor to a complex turbine system, rotational movement can be quickly compromised with vibrations from imbalance in the system.
Schreier Industrial provides services and guidance for a broad range of industrial facilities including implementing certain design and maintenance factors like predictive technologies, schedule creation, project management, and engineering systems for procedures like dynamic balance practices.
Establishing dynamic balance in a rotating system is critical for long-term function. If a system is perfectly balanced, issues that would create exponentially growing problems, like friction and heat rubbing away material on a component, vibrations causing loosened connection points and molecular material instability, and centrifugal force misaligning parts from tracks, can be completely eliminated.
Dynamic balancing is applied to a system by quickly rotating the components on a generalized prototype. The balance of that prototype is then refined by measuring the slight imbalances with electrical tools specifically designed to read vibrations, movement of parts out of an acceptable range, and other results of an imbalance. Thanks to quality dynamic balance practices, you can eliminate defects that would be a direct result of imbalance symptoms, including:
- Excess noise in your facility from vibrations or friction
- Damaged components from friction of a piece moving slightly out of place
- Damaged or warped components from friction-generated heat
- Loosened connections from vibrations including brittle weld connections, loose or lost nuts and bolts, compromised adhesives, cracked studs, and more
- Molecular imbalance from excessive vibrations and resonance spreading throughout connecting components (this is a dynamic balance issue that NASA engineers have to develop down to a hair of accuracy for space shuttles entering and leaving the atmosphere)
- Increased imbalance due to a continued centrifugal or centripetal force which can happen over time even with the slightest imbalance in a rotating assembly
- Danger of overheating, breaking down, flying objects, heat fumes, and chemical exposure to your employees
- Breakdown in the far future due to a slight, yet exponentially growing imbalance in your products
- Breakdown due to an imbalance in your products when they are integrated into another system unique to any given customer
All this and more can be eliminated or made highly unlikely with the use of dynamic balance practices in your production and simulation inspections. Dynamic balance is made possible for more and more industrial processes handling rotating equipment thanks to software systems and measuring tools that are developed and improved daily.